Mental disorder is such type of condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and relates to others and to his or her surroundings. Although the signs of mental disorder can range from mild to severe & are different depending on the nature of mental illness. A person with an untreated mental disorder often is unable to manage life’s daily routines and requirements.
Although the specific cause of most mental disorders is not identified, it is becoming open to research that many of these states are caused by a combination of genetic, psychological, biological & environmental factors.
Many mental disorders run in families, suggesting they may be reached on from parents to children through genes. Genes carry instructions for the function of each cell in the body & are responsible for how we look, think, act, etc. If your mother or father may have or had a mental disorder doesn’t mean you will have one.
Hereditary simply means that you are more likely to get the disease than if you didn’t have an affected family member. Specialists believe that many mental conditions are concerned with problems in multiple genes; not just one. As with many diseases; which is why a person acquires a susceptibility to a mental disorder but doesn’t always reveal the condition. The disorder itself happens from the interplay of these genes and other factors like psychological trauma and environmental stressors. It can influence the disease in a person who has inherited a susceptibility to it.
Some mental disorders have been concerned about an abnormal balance of brain chemicals named neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters stimulate nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other. If these chemicals are not working properly, directions may not make it through the brain correctly, driving to symptoms of mental disorder. Moreover, defects in certain areas of the brain also have been concerned to some mental conditions.
Some mental disorders may be raised by psychological trauma suffered as a child, like severe emotional, sexual or physical abuse; a notable early loss, like the loss of a parent or nearest one.
Certain stressors like a death, divorce, changing jobs or schools, a dysfunctional family life, & substance abuse can cause a disorder in a person who can be at risk of developing a mental illness.
Unfortunately, maximum mental disorders are caused by a combination of factors & cannot be prevented.
Mental disorders are most common. In fact, they are more common than diabetes, heart disease or cancer. As per information of the National Institute of Mental Health, at least 25% of American adults and about 13% of American children are diagnosed with a mental disorder throughout a given year.
Major depression, schizophrenia & bipolar disorder are among the U.S.’s top 10 leading grounds of disability.
A mental disorder does not discriminate. It can hit people of any age, income, educational level & cultural background. Although mental disorder affects both males and females, certain conditions like eating disorders-tend to grow more often in females. And other disorders like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder more commonly occur in children.
A mental disorder, like many chronic diseases, requires continuous treatment. Fortunately, considerable progress has been made in the last two decades in treating mental disorders. As a result, many mental diseases can be completely treated with one or a combination of the following therapies:
- Group therapy.
- Medicine.Specific therapies, such as cognitive-behaviour therapy and behaviour modification.
- Day treatment or partial hospital treatment.
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
- Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS).Alternative therapies, such as water therapy, massage, and biofeedback.
- Creative therapies, such as art therapy, music therapy, or play therapy.
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a newer therapy.
When diagnosed early and treated accurately, many people fully recover from their mental disorder. Although some people become disabled due to their severe mental illness. Many others are capable to live fruitful lives. In fact, as many as 8 in 10 people suffering from a mental disorder can effectively return to their normal activities if they receive appropriate treatment.