If you have a pre-diabetes, it means that you have a higher-than-normal blood sugar level. If you don’t get treatment for it, pre-diabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Researchers state that prediabetes is reversible. Treatment may include lifestyle changing, such as diet control, exercise, and medication. if you have pre-diabetes and don’t make lifestyle changes, Type 2 diabetes can develop within 10 years.The first step for controlling pre-diabetes is knowing what a pre-diabetes diagnosis means. Study more about this analysis and what you can do.
Your doctor may refer to prediabetes as the following:
- Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), which means a higher-than-normal blood sugar after a meal.
- Insulin resistance leads to a buildup of sugar in the blood.
- Impaired fasting glucose (IFG), which means a higher-than-normal blood sugar in the morning before eating
- Insulin resistance, which means your body can’t use insulin effectively,
What’re the symptoms of prediabetes?
Pre-diabetes has no distinct symptoms. Some people may feel conditions that are concerned with insulin defence, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome & acanthosis nigricans, which means the development of thick, dark, and often velvety spots of skin. This blemish usually occurs around the:
If you’ve been identified with prediabetes, it’s essential to discuss your doctor if you experience:
- Increased urination, especially at night
- Increased thirst
- Sores or cuts that won’t heal
- Blurry vision
These are signs typical of type 2 diabetes and may show that your pre-diabetes has advanced to type 2 diabetes. A physician can run a series of tests to confirm this.
What are the causes of prediabetes?
The pancreas releases a hormone called insulin when you eat so that the cells of your body can take the sugar from the blood and into the cell for energy. That’s how insulin helps lower your blood sugar level. In the case of pre-diabetes, the cells don’t respond properly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. The causes of insulin resistance are unclear. The Pre-diabetes is also controlled by lifestyle factors and heredity. People who are overweight and sedentary are at an increased risk of pre-diabetes.
Risk factors for prediabetes:
Pre-diabetes can occur in anyone, but some factors increase your chances. If you’re over 45 years old or you have a body mass index (BMI) higher than 25, your doctor may want to screen you for pre-diabetes. Another risk factor is the storage of more fat around the waist than the hips. You can mark this risk factor by testing if your waist is 40 or more inches if you’re male and 35 inches or more if you’re female.
Another risk factor for prediabetes is being sedentary.
How is prediabetes identify?
Your doctor will want to do a blood test for a proper diagnosis. Doctors suggest drawing a blood sample to send to a lab.
Results can differ depending on the nature of the test. You should do the same test twice to confirm the diagnosis, as per NIH. Devices which measure glucose levels. The finger-stick test, aren’t used for diagnosis. Instead, your doctor will use 01 or 02 for these tests:
Glycosylated haemoglobin test:
The glycosylated haemoglobin test measures your average blood sugar level over the last two to three months. This test doesn’t need fasting & can be done anytime.
Glycosylated hemoglobin value of 5.7% – 6.4% for prediabetes. The glycosylated haemoglobin test is recommended the test to confirm the result. The higher the Glycosylated haemoglobin value, the higher the risk that your prediabetes will advance to type 2 diabetes.
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test:
Through the FPG test, your Physician will ask you to fast for eight hours. Before you eat, a healthcare expert will take a blood sample for testing.
A blood sugar level of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) shows pre-diabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
An OGTT also needs fasting. Your physician will check your blood glucose levels for 2 times. Once at the starting of the appointment and then 2 hours later after you eat a sugary drink.
If the blood sugar level is 140-199 mg/dL after 02 hours, then the test shows prediabetes.
Random plasma glucose (RPG) test:
An RPG test may be drawn anytime & don’t need fasting. The results of blood sugar level 140-199 mg/dL indicate pre-diabetes. Unless you have clear indications, you’ll need a second test to confirm a diagnosis.
If the testing result shows that your blood sugar level is normal, you can repeat testing in three years. If you identify with pre-diabetes, your physician may recheck your blood glucose level in 12 months or sooner.
The most common ways to manage prediabetes are:
- Exercising regularly
- Maintaining a diet that’s rich in fibre
- Losing weight
Taking medicine if your doctor prescribed it:
Many people with diabetes like to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments to control their disease. CAM methods can include taking medicine, supplements & acupuncture. Always consult with your doctor before starting any CAM treatments cause they may interact with your treatment.